Why did the Tasmanian tiger become extinct?

Aug. 4, 2019, 4:29 p.m. -- Latest version
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The Tasmanian tiger, also known as marsupial wolf or Tasmanian wolf, was a carnivorous marsupial that became extinct in the first half of the 20th century. Originally from Australia and New Guinea, this last living member of its genus (Thylacinus or Tilacino) had become extinct on the Australian continent before the arrival of European settlers, although it had managed to survive in Tasmania alongside other endemic species, such as the known Tasmanian devil.

In 1936, the last specimen of Tasmanian tiger died in the Hobart zoo. The indiscriminate hunting was the tip for a rare species of marsupial predators that were already touched to death. A new DNA study has revealed the definitive cause of its disappearance: drought.

In the years immediately before its disappearance, the Tasmanian tiger, marsupial wolf or tilacino (Thylacinus cynocephalus) only survived on the island that gave it its name, but centuries ago its population extended throughout the Australian continent. For decades it was thought that its extinction was caused by the human being in two ways. On the one hand due to direct hunting by Australian aborigines. On the other by introducing wild dogs or dingoes.

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