Why did Marie Curie become a scientist?

Aug. 4, 2019, 4:25 p.m. -- Latest version
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On July 4, 84 years ago, Marie Curie died, a woman who not only fought against the diatribes of machismo, but had to overcome economic obstacles to be able to make an important career that revolutionized scientific achievements.

Marya Salomea Sklodowska was born in Warsaw (Poland), on November 7, 1867, at the time when the Russian occupation was in the country. As a means of peaceful protest, the inhabitants of this territory indoctrinated the stimulation of social and scientific education, also called Auguste Comte's positivist method.

Marie's father, Wladyshaw Sklodowski, who taught at several schools, adopted this measure and was punished by lowering his salary. Although Marie's mother, Bronislawa, was in charge of one of the most prestigious schools in the area, the Sklodowska family had economic problems and lived precariously.

When Marie was nine years old, her older sister, Sophie, died of typhus at thirteen. Later, Bronislawa contracted tuberculosis and died in 1878.

Despite the obstacles, Marie studied in her spare time mathematical and physical on her own, and attended one of the "floating universities", run by Polish professors with the intention of instructing the population that could not acquire studies.

Her sister Bronia and her work as a governess, helped her finance her studies in Paris, managing to attend the Sorbonne University, where she studied physics. Although his sister gave him lodging, he preferred to move to the Latin Quarter since he was close to the university; At this stage, Marie had problems with her health, due to the hunger that the few incomes did not allow to satisfy.

In 1893, with 26 years of age, Marie managed to graduate as the best in her class by obtaining a degree in physics, a year later she obtained a degree in mathematics, being the second in her class. On July 26, 1895 the scientist married Pierre Curie, also a graduate in physics.

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